ISSN NO. 2581-9070 ONLINE

Pros and cons of Artificial Intelligence in Higher Education – J.Kavitha

Pros and cons of Artificial Intelligence in Higher Education
* J.Kavitha., Lecturer in English
Visakha Govt. Degree College (W), VSP

Artificial Intelligence has been gaining momentum across all industries and all spectrums of the world.

According to the father of A.I John McCarthy “It is the science and engineering of making intelligent machines, especially intelligent computer proogrammes”.

The idea to create A.I is to make the lives of humans easier. Researchers of A.I want to bring the emotional quotient to the machines along with general intelligence, i.e. Artificial intelligence is designing machines that have the ability to think. It is the intelligence of machines. A.I. development has begun with an intention of developing intelligence in machines similar to that of humans.

The man focus of A.I is to bring in advancement to computer functions associated with humans intelligence, which includes reasoning, Learning and problem solving. This intends to develop systems which can understand, think, learn and behave like humans.

It’s Role in Higher Education:-
The 21st Century University is the “Udacity it is a start up of Sebastian Thrun and his former Stanford A.I colleague David Stevens. “Udacity” is an online education provider that offers online courses, popularly know as “Moocs” or massive open online courses. As compared to other Mooc providers, “Udacity” has a stronger focus on job training. Udacity offers a Micro-Credential called Nano degree. This results of Artificial intelligence.
A.I technology evolves and joins various industries, it could allow colleges and universities to pursue an adaptive, rigorous and individualized experience for students. AI could results in a less expensive and more responsive approach to higher education by improving students outcomes and helping institutions scale quality education for students.

Students Affairs:-
With A.I students could receive resources such as tutoring or advising based on their pervious and predicted academic performance

Students Learning Analytics:-
A.I could play a role in the growing field of Learning analytics, evaluating the quality of curricular material.

Improves Students experience:-
A.I can help beyond the class rooms and into the higher education management field, supporting collaboration. Like this improves students experience and services.

Improves institutional efficiency:-
A.I can use information from multiple campus systems to guide administrative decisions.

Students Acquisitions:-
A.I can help the institutions to achieve higher enrolement and retention rates with the personalized assistance around the clock.

Learning and institution:-
Faculty members could have more time to engage with students as A.I helps with grading and supplying basic resources for students.

Advantages of A.I :-
A.I could have a low error rate compared to humans, if coded properly, they would have incredible precision, accuracy and speed. They won’t be affected by hostile environment, thus able to complete dangerous tasks, explore in space and endure problems that would injure or kill us.

The benefits of robots has increased their flexibility with being capable of performing a variety of tasks and applications. Robots used for increasing production and profit. Because they can complete tasks faster.

A.I helps in reducing the error and the chance of reaching accuracy with a greater degree. In our daily life we are using it in smart phones. Repetitive jobs which are monotonous in nature can be carried out with the help of machines intelligence. Machines can think faster than humans and can be put to multi tasking. Machines, unlike humans, don’t require frequent breaks and refreshments. They are programmed for long hours and can continuously perform without getting bored or distracted.

A.I as a movement employing to tackle some of the world’s greatest economic and social challenges.

Eg.1. The university of southern California launched the Center for Artificial intelligence in society with the goal of using A.I to address socially relevant problems such as homelessness.
2. At Stanford, researchers are using A.I to analyses satellite images to identify areas which have the higher poverty levels.

Limitations of A.I:-
Artificial intelligence’s main limitation is that it learns from given data. There is no others way that knowledge can be integrated, unlike human Learning. This means that any inaccuracies in the data will be reflected in the results.
Creation of A.I requires huge costs as they are very complex machines. And machines do not have any emotions and moral values. They perform what is programmed and cannot make the judgment of right or wrong.

As the machines have no power of thinking, they cannot create anything new. Replacement of humans with machines can lead to large scale of unemployment. Humans will lose their creative power and will become lazy by depending more on the machines.

A.I in wrong hands is a serious threat to mankind in general. It may lead to mass destruction. So there is a constant fear of machines taking over or super siding the humans

Based on this we can say that the higher education should develop the advance science of artificial intelligence and educate the responsible usage of artificial intelligence.

 Artificial intelligence internet encyclopedia of philosophy
 Thomason, Richmond. “Logic and Artificial intelligence” I Zalta, Edward N (ed) Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy.
 Tomvanderbilt Smithsonian magaxine
 Hand book of Artificial intelligence Vol:1, Kaufmann, Los Altos.
 Introduction to Artificial Intelligence by Eugene Charmiak, Drew McDermott.
 “Artificial Intelligence ” by Elaine Rich, Kevin Knight, Shivashanakar B Nair.